An American History Project of The Lehrman Institute.

Please Acknowledge
The Lehrman Institute
when using this research

An American History Project of

The Lehrman Institute.

Please Acknowledge

The Lehrman Institute

when using this research

Visit our other Lehrman Sites:
lincolns classroom
lincoln and friends
lincoln and freedom
lincoln and the white house
lincoln and new york
lincoln and civil war


Mr.Lincoln and Declaration of Independence

George Anastaplo, Abraham Lincoln: A Constitutional Biography, (Rowan & Littlefield, 1999)

Dwight Anderson, Abraham Lincoln: The Quest for Immortality, (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982)

Herman Belz, Abraham Lincoln, Constitutionalism, and Equal Rights in the Civil War Era, (New York: Fordham University Press, 1988)

Gabor S. Boritt, editor, The Historian’s Lincoln: Pseudohistory, Psychohistory, and History (Urbana: University of Illinois, 1988)

Gabor S. Boritt, Lincoln and the Economics of the American Dream (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1978)

Gabor S. Boritt, editor, Lincoln the War President (New York: Oxford University Press; 1992)

Gabor S. Boritt and David Blight, editors, Why the Civil War Came, (New York: Oxford University Press; 1996)

Richard N. Current, editor, The Political Thought of Abraham Lincoln, (Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc., 1967)

Richard Nelson Current, Speaking of Abraham Lincoln: The Man and His Meaning for Our Times, (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983)

Harold Holzer, editor, The Lincoln-Douglas Debates, (New York, HarperCollins, 1993).

Harry V. Jaffa, A New Birth of Freedom: Abraham Lincoln and the Coming of the Civil War, (Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc, 2000)

Harry V. Jaffa, Crisis in the House Divided, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1959)

Merrill D. Peterson, “This Grand Pertinacity”: Abraham Lincoln and the Declaration of Independence.” Fourteenth Annual R. Gerald McMurtry Lecture, The Lincoln Museum (Fort Wayne, Indiana, 1991)

William H. Rehnquist, All the Laws but One: Civil Liberties in Wartime, (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998)

Ronald D. Rietveld, Lincoln’s View of the Founding Fathers, (Fullerton, California, 1992)

Frank J. Williams, William D. Pederson, and Vincent J. Marsala editors, Abraham Lincoln: Sources and Style of Leadership, (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1994)

Douglas L. Wilson, Lincoln Before Washington: New Perspectives on the Illinois Years, (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997)

Mr. Lincoln and the Gettysburg Address

Laurence Berns and Eva Brann, Abraham Lincoln: The Gettysburg Address, America, Constitutionalism, (University of Dallas Press; June 1976)

Gabor S. Boritt, editor, The Gettysburg Nobody Knows, (New York: Oxford University Press; 1999)

Gabor S. Boritt, editor, The Historian’s Lincoln: Pseudohistory, Psychohistory, and History, (Urbana: University of Illinois, 1988)

Kent Gramm, November: Lincoln’s Elegy at Gettysburg, (Indiana University Press; 2001)

Frank L. Klement and Steven K. Rogstad, The Gettysburg Soldiers’ Cemetery and Lincoln’s Address: Aspects and Angles, (White Mane Publishing Co.; November 1993)

Philip B. Kunhardt, Jr., A New Birth of Freedom: Lincoln at Gettysburg, (Boston: Little Brown & Co, 1983)

Mark E. Neely, Jr., The Fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991)

Ronald Rietveld, Lincoln’s Views of the Founding Fathers

John Y. Simon, Harold Holzer, and William D. Pederson, editors, The Lincoln Forum: Abraham Lincoln Gettysburg, and the Civil War (DaCapo Press; 1999)

Carl F. Wieck, Lincoln’s Quest for Equality: The Road to Gettysburg, (Northern Illinois University Press; 2002)

Garry Wills, Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America, (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1982)


Mr. Lincoln and the Founders was originally created a project of The Lincoln Institute under a grant from The Lehrman Institute. The text was prepared by Richard J. Behn and the website was designed by Kathleen Packard of KathodeRay Media, Inc.

This web site would not be possible without the scholarship of the legion of Lincoln scholars who have not only interpreted the lives Mr. Lincoln and his contemporaries, especially those who have compiled important primary sources so they are readily accessible for research.
There are many important building blocks for any work such as this.

  • The 10 volume compilation of The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln edited by Roy P. Basler and others in the 1950s.
  • More recently, the Library of Congress has compiled much of the incoming and outgoing correspondence in its Robert Todd Lincoln on the Library’s Web site (
  • Rodney Davis and Douglas L. Wilson were the guiding editors on that project. They are also responsible for another invaluable resource which they edited – Herndon’s Informants, which collects the letters and interviews conducted by William Herndon and Jesse W. Weik in the process of preparing their own biography. Less extensive interviews were conducted by other biographers and have been collected in periodicals such as the Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association.
  • Historian Michael Burlingame has edited a series of books compiling work by presidential aides and confidantes Noah Brooks, John Hay, John G. Nicolay and William O. Stoddard which are invaluable sources for what happened at the White House during the Civil War. Other Administration figures and friends – such as Attorney General Edward Bates, Senator Orville H. Browning, Treasury Secretary Salmon P. Chase and Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles – compiled diaries which long have been available in published form.
  • Finally, there are hundreds of autobiographies, memoirs, biographies and collections of letters for persons who knew Mr. Lincoln which contained important nuggets of information and insights into relationships.